THE PASSOVER

                                                A Shadow of Jesus

                                      Exodus 12: 14 September 5, 2016


                                               By Ricardo Blake



   Israel annual memorial of God's mighty acts is the exodus from Egypt in particular the night of the tenth plague. The Passover was the first of three annual memorial feasts when all males living within Israel were to make a trip to Jerusalem to appear before God at the sanctuary. Ex 23:14-17


         A new beginning:

                        Ex 12: 2

  1. This Month shall be unto you the beginning of Months: it shall be the first Month of the year to you.


  1.  God gave Moses a religious calendar for the Children of Israel to fallow. With a new calendar the Israelites was receiving a new identity as the favored people of the true God. God adopted the Israelites (Ch. 6:6-7). God was setting them apart from the other nations. The name of the first month was Abib, meaning (green ears). After the Jews went into exile they adopted the pagan name Nissan meaning (beginning)    


           Israel as a corporate Body:


  1. Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel saying, in the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers a lamb for a house. Exodus 12:3


  1. This was the first time the Israelites were called a congregation they were known as Hebrews, Exodus 1:15, 9:1 and it's the first time the word has been use in the Old Testament. The word suggests a new beginning.


  1. This shows us that God is now dealing with the Israelites as a corporate body and not individual tribes.  

The Passover was a corporate celebration and not an individual celebration.


 The Passover lamb:


  • There are three things the Passover Lamb had to be:


  1. Without blemish. The lamb could not be torn or have any broken bones.


  1. A male. (The lamb had to be a male because it points to Christ)


  1. A year old. All the firstborn was to be sanctify unto God all that open the womb, of animals and human.


  • Jesus Christ was our Passover lamb


           1 Corinthians 5:7 Paul said this:

Purge out therefore the old leaven, that he be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our Passover is sacrificed for us


 John the Baptist said this about Jesus:

The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of

God, which takes away the sin of the World. John 1:29


  • Not only was Christ our Passover, he was our atonement also.


  • Jesus Christ was our unblemished lamb:


        1 Peter 1:19 declare that he was without sin:

      But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a Lamb without blemish, and             

      without spot.


           1 Peter 2:22:

Who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth:


1 John 3:5 also let us know that he was without sin:

And ye know that he was manifested to take away our sins; and in him is no sin. Cf. Hebrews 4:15


  • The Chief priests, and Elders, and the council along with pilot examine him and yet they found no fault in him.


Luke 23:13-14

13.And Pilate, when he had called together the chief priests and the rulers and the people,

14. Said unto them, ye have brought this man unto me, as one that perverted the people: and, behold, I, having examine him before you, have found no fault in this man touching those thing whereof ye accuse him.


         Matthew 26: 59-60

59. Now the chief priests, and elders and all the council, sought false witness   against Jesus, to put him to death;

60. But found none: yea, though many false witnesses came, yet found they none. At the last came two false witnesses,


The Death of the Lamb:


  1. God instruct Moses that the Israelites should choose the Passover, from the sheep or a goat on the tenth day of the first month and keep (that is, observed and examined for suitability, as well as separated from the rest of the flock) then they should kill it on the fourteenth day of the same month.


  1. The death of the lamb points to the death of Christ who died for us at Calvary the time of Christ death coincide with the Passover Matt 26:17-19,26-29, 1 Pet 1 18-20


 At the appointed time:


  1. The Passover took place in the evening, (cf. Dt 16:6 at sunset) on the fourteenth day of the first month (Abib). Some version of the Bible said at twilight.


  1. The word twilight mean between two lights. The Hebrew word for evening is ('ereb it means Dusk it derived from the Hebrew word 'arab which mean dusky or sun down)  


  1. There was a set time for the lamb to die. Christ also died at the appointed time. Cf. v6 with Romans 5:6, also Luke 13:1


  1. The Passover was an annual celebration that was kept at its appointed season        (Num. 9:1-2, Exodus 13:10)


  1. The Passover celebration lasted for seven days from the fourteenth day of the month until the twenty-first day of that very same month. A total of seven days. (Vv.18, 19)


  1. The Passover was observed at the beginning of the year in the first Month, the Month of Abib March/April (V2)


  1. It was in this very same month the Israelites came out of Egypt by night. Exodus 13:4, 23:15,34:18 Due 16:1


         The work of the lamb:


  1. We receive Redemption through the lamb's blood: (v.7)


  1. The blood of the lamb on the doorposts, and on the lintel symbolized access to God through the blood. As it was access for them through the blood of a lamb, so we as believer gain access to God in the same form through the blood of Jesus Christ.

The blood on the lintel, and on the two side posts was in the shape of the cross. It points to the cross, the Final alter for the sacrifice.


  1. The lamb brings us into fellowship with God: (v.9)


  1. The Passover points to Christ as our burnt offering. The entire animal was to be roasted including the inward parts. The entire animal of the burnt offering was also burnt on the, alter; cf. Leviticus 1:9. The burnt offering brings us into fellowship with God; Jesus dying on the cross brings us into fellowship with God.


  1. Protection through the blood of the lamb: (v.13)


  1. The blood of the lamb also brings protection. When I see the blood I will Pass-over you. The blood was there for a sign; when the LORD sees the blood he would Passover their houses, and the plague that would fall upon the Egyptians would not destroy them. Christ blood takes away the plague of sin from us that no destruction would fall on us.


  1. The lamb brings forgiveness:


  1. Forgiveness of sin takes place only when the blood of an innocent offering is shed. Heb. 9:22, 1 John 1:7


  1. The lamb brings purification through his blood:


  1. The blood was sprinkled on the door post by using hyssop (v.21) hyssop is a plant from the mint family that is itself rather pungent and fragrant and has masses of tiny white flowers and a surface of hairy filaments good for dipping and sprinkling. Cf. (lv 14:49-52, Num. 19:18-19, sprinkling sacrificial blood with hyssop was an act of consecration and cleansing. (Cf. Lv. 16:14-15).  


             The preparation and the Eating of the lamb:


  1. And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it. (V.8)


                With Bitter herbs:

  1. The bitter herbs, symbolized their bitter affliction in Egypt Ex- 1:14. The bitter herbs also point to Jesus Christ suffering on the Cross for our sins.


With unleavened bread:

  1. The unleavened bread also called the bread of affliction (De 16:3) symbolized their haste out of Egypt. (v. 34) The dough had no time to rise. And it also speaks of their purification and freedom. No one with any sin could, not partake of the Passover it also points to Christ as our sin offering.



  1. The lamb was not to be eaten raw, nor boil but roasted. (v.9)

God did not want the Israelites to worship him like the other pagan nations around them. In Bible times the other nations would worship their gods, by offering up sacrifice to their gods and what they would do is to eat the meat raw or boil. The animal was roasted whole, and not cut in peaces


                         In haste:

  1. They are to eat it in haste, ready to leave Egypt with their loins girded and their sandals on their feet. The Israelites eat the Passover that night fully clothed ready to depart in haste.





                    To be A Memorial


  1. The Passover was to be a Memorial throughout all their generations, They were to remember God's deliverance, out of Egypt; they were to remember how God establish them as a nation, how God cleanse them by the blood of the lamb and how he Pass-over them, and kill all the first born of the Egyptians.


  1. As the Israelites were to remember God work of deliverance so are we to remember Christ work on the cross.




             Key verse. 13



         God was about to deliver the Children of Israel from under the bondage of the Egyptians but the Israelites was caught up into worshiping the Egyptians gods so God had to first purify the Israelites so that they could be his people












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